The interested walker can locate graves of several people associated with the
Abolitionism in Warsaw: Augustus Frank, Seth Gates, Andrew W. Young,
The Smallwod Family, Daniel Hodge (an African-American Civil War Veteran), and the site
for the graves of William and Mary Burghardt. These last are associated with
a documented story of the Underground Railroad. In 1849, a pregnant Maryland
slave woman, farmed out to work in the District of Columbia, asked the two
market gardeners she worked for to help her and her seven-year old daughter
escape from a master who was threatening to sell and possibly separate them.
The brothers built a hidden box into their produce wagon where she and the
little girl would spend twenty-two days confined until the wagon reached
Warsaw. Both survived the trip and the mother, who went by several names
(Mary, Anna, Sadie) gave birth to a son three or four months after her
arrival here. She died of consumption about a year later. The daughter
(Eliza or Lila) remained in Wyoming County and eventually married a local
African-American barber, William Burghardt. The son was raised in the
household of David Clark Martin, also buried in the Warsaw Cemetery, who
owned a farm on the West Hill of Warsaw. Several of the houses mentioned in
this story still stand.
United Church of Warsaw
The Presbyterian Church, the first organized church to be built in Warsaw,
was established in 1808. It consisted of ten members and called itself the "First Congregational Church of Warsaw." By the 1830's many of its members
had become deeply involved in the anti-slavery movement. In December 1834
its congregation adopted resolutions viewing slavery as "repugnant to the
principles of the Gospel." In November 1839 the Liberty Party, the only
political party in American history to have its platform become the law of
the land, was initiated in a meeting of abolitionists held at the
Presbyterian Church. Although some noted abolitionists, including Dr.
Augustus Frank, Timothy Buxton, and Frank Miller remained with the original
church, a nucleus of people in 1840 opposed to the possibility of mission
funds being spent in slave-holding states. The group split off and formed a
Congregational Church 100 yards away. The Secretary of the second church was
Seth Gates. In 1865, after slavery was permanently abolished in the United
States, the wooden Presbyterian Church was replaced by today’s grand brick building. A
year later, the present brick building of the Congregational Church, designed
by architect A.J. Warner of Rochester, replaced the wooden Congregational
Free Will Baptist Church
Warsaw's Free Will Baptist Church was the site of pervading anti-slavery sentiment. The attitude of the church on the slavery question may be judged from the fact that a record states that on April 22, 1854, an offering was made to aid fugitive slaves. It has been said the church thus owned some shares in the "underground railroad."
Andrew W. Young, author of the History of the Town of Warsaw, wrote in 1869: "This church has ever been against Slavery. Its records contain some very strong resolutions against it.
The church equally decided in favor of Temperance.
The church has contributed considerably for benevolent purposes. A few years ago, several of its members gave as high as $100 each to help endow a college at Hillsdale, Michigan. In 1867, it raised $330 to aid teachers to instruct the people without regard to color in the Southern States."
The home of Seth M. Gates after his retirement from the United States
Congress, this building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
and is now the home of the Warsaw Historical Society. Seth Gates was a
prominent foe of the slave interests in Congress and had a bounty of $500
offered on him in the South. He was also listed as a "conductor" on the
Underground Railroad although there is no documented evidence that the house
ever sheltered escaping slaves. The Gates House was also the meeting place
for the Grand Army of the Republic, a fraternal organization for Civil War
Veterans. The collections of the Historical Society also include the original
chairs of the GAR and its songbooks.
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Liberty Street was named to honor the Liberty Party, a political party
formed in Warsaw that advocated the abolition of slavery. Ferdinand D. McKay,
an attorney and the owner of the land developed along Liberty Street, was
also an active opponent of slavery, at the age of 22 becoming a leader in the
formation of the Anti-slavery Society in Warsaw He also served as the
District Attorney for the County from 1856-1860.
Home of William
and Eliza Burghardt
William and Eliza Burghardt moved into this home located on the northeast
corner of Orchard and Center Streets in 1870. William was an African-American
barber who had come from Great Barrington in western Massachusetts to Warsaw
in the 1850s. Eliza had escaped from a Maryland plantation in 1849 hidden
with her mother in a box built into a greengrocer's produce wagon. They were
transported to Warsaw over a 22-day period by one of the Osbourne brothers of
Washington, D.C., to whom they had been rented out as workers. Each of the fugitives lived with a different Underground Railroad family here in Warsaw.
The mother, usually known as Mary Jones, died shortly after giving birth to a
son, Charles, who was raised by the Martin family. In 1866 Eliza Jones
married William. The Burghardts remained in Warsaw until their deaths, Eliza
in 1898 and William in 1913. They are buried in unmarked graves in the Warsaw
House on Main Street
An Italian villa built by the Frank family. Dr. Augustus Frank commissioned
the design for this home. He was an early member of the Warsaw Anti-slavery
Society and a delegate to the conventions forming the American Anti-Slavery
in Philadelphia in 1833 and the New York Anti-Slavery Society in Utica in
1835. He died before the house was fully constructed in about 1851. His older son, the Honorable
Augustus Frank thereafter occupied the house until his untimely death in 1894. Also a consistent supporter of the
abolition of slavery, Augustus, Jr., served in the U. S. House of
Representatives from 1858 to 1865. While in Congress he introduced and was
one of two floor-managers of the Thirteenth Amendment. The New York Tribune
credits the Congressman with ensuring its passage.
66 Park Street
This house once belonged to George Washington Frank, younger son of Dr Frank,
Elbert E. Farman laid out Elm Street, State Street, and East Court Street, and built the four original brick mansions on Park and Elm Streets.
Home of Chauncey Gates
This is the site of a home that was a documented station of the underground
railroad, cited by Arch Merrill in his book Underground (Freedom's Road),
1963. In the 1990's the home was torn down, leaving a vacant, grassy lot on
Genesee Street facing Prospect Street. It was owned by Chauncey Gates, a
brother of Seth M. Gates, who during the underground railroad era had
substantial business dealings in Warsaw, including the "Western New Yorker"
newspaper. Next door was the home of the George Ackley family, an
African-American family of eight. According to the U. S. Census of 1850, Mr.
Ackley was a free Negro, born in New York State. His wife, however, was
listed as being born in Kentucky, and may have been a fugitive, finding
temporary freedom in New York State until the signing of the Fugitive Slave
Law in September, 1850. Like an untold number of other fugitives who could no
longer live in safety anywhere in the United States in the 1850's, she and
her family may have moved on to Canada.
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Civil War Monument
Erected in Warsaw to commemorate the Civil War veterans in 1903, this
monument has become the symbol of Warsaw. The monument is similar to many
erected throughout the Northeast. Elements of the structure include a pillar
from the Philadelphia Exhibition and captured Confederate cannons. William
Pryor Letchworth, the owner of the land that became Letchworth State Park, an
industrialist and philanthropist, composed the inscriptions on the monument.
Home of Joshua Darling
Built in 1839, this was the home of Joshua H. Darling
and was the first brick building of any kind built in Warsaw. Joshua Darling was an early
businessman/banker who strongly advocated the abolition of slavery. Like
other abolitionists in the early Warsaw community Darling aided runaway
slaves, including Eliza Jones, who was discovered along with her infant
brother Charles in his home on August 17, 1850 by a U. S. census-taker. In
1851 Darling founded the Wyoming County Bank of Warsaw and was its managing
head for many years.
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for early anti-slavery meeting places.